Published on : 18 February 20223 min reading time
What is type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease. It cannot be cured but can be contained if treated in time. The main cause of this disease is the insufficient or non-existent production of the hormone called insulin. This hormone enables the cells of the human body to convert sugar into a source of energy. This leads to an increase in blood sugar. There are several types of diabetes. Pre-diabetes is characterised by an abnormally high blood sugar level, which is not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. There is also type 1 diabetes which accounts for about 10% of cases in people with this disease. The pancreas of those affected does not produce insulin, which thus must be injected to the body every day to control the disease. Type 2 diabetes comprises 90% of diabetes cases. It usually manifests itself around the age of 40 or older and can often only be detected by a blood test because of the mild symptoms it produces. For more information about who is affected and what the health risks of diabetes are, click here!
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes do not appear in the same way in everyone. In some people, they are more severe than in others. If you are a person at risk, i.e. genetically predisposed to diabetes, it is important to get tested regularly. It is also necessary to know how to recognise the symptoms so that you can treat them effectively and avoid complications. Those that frequently occur are fatigue, lack of energy, difficulty healing or slow healing, frequent urination, drowsiness, intense thirst, dry mouth, etc. You may also experience exaggerated hunger, blurred vision, or tingling in the feet and fingers of the hands. Infections of the genitals can also occur.
How can type 2 diabetes be prevented?
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or at least delayed. First, you need to learn about your disease, which will make it easier for you to embrace a lifestyle that is tailored to your situation. Regular medical supervision and new eating habits, for instance, can help you prevent the risk of type 2 diabetes. A balanced diet can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Avoid foods that are too salty or sweet, animal fats, and choose high-fibre foods such as fruit and vegetables. Regular physical activity is also a way to prevent type 2 diabetes as it can help you lose weight if you are overweight or obese and maintain a healthy weight. Furthermore, you should take care of your skin, especially your feet, and avoid cuts and injuries. Physical activities help you to manage stress, which is one of the causes of diabetes. It is also important to get enough sleep as this allows your body to regulate internal hormones and store energy. It is also recommended that you avoid using tobacco and alcohol too often. Finally, the advice of a doctor, dietician or nutritionist is always welcome.
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