What is the role of physical activity in blood sugar management?

Physical activity is recommended for everyone, even for people without diabetes, to keep their bodies in good condition and prevent certain health problems. In the case of people with diabetes, sporting activities are even more important and, historically, they have always been considered a real treatment, as they are beneficial for the circulatory system, reducing the risk of cardiovascular complications. However, physical activity must be practised in a controlled manner by people with diabetes who need to pay particular attention to the management of blood sugar levels before, during and after the exercise and to the prevention of certain types of complications.

Which physical activities are most beneficial for people with diabetes?

Exercise should be done in a controlled manner for people with diabetes, so the first question is which activities are most appropriate. The most beneficial sports or exercises are those that activate the aerobic metabolism, i.e. endurance sports, such as athletics, swimming or cycling. Team activities such as football, basketball, handball and others are also suitable if practised in a friendly environment, without too much competition leading to the excessive effort. In fact, physical activity can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.

What activities should be avoided

Sport or even forced physical activity should be avoided in extreme heat or cold, as these conditions can make it more difficult to control blood glucose levels. It is also worth remembering that a person with diabetes can practice any physical activity, provided that the necessary precautions are taken (planning the exercises, checking blood sugar levels regularly and always seeking the advice of a specialist). However, some sports may be less recommended, especially those with a high risk of vascular damage, such as martial arts or boxing.

Is it possible to exercise regularly if you have diabetes?

The onset of diabetes can significantly affect various aspects of a newly diagnosed person's daily life, including family and work habits. It is therefore necessary to adapt quickly, but not to completely change your life. Regular exercise plays a key role in this. However, some newly diagnosed people may decide to give up physical activities that they had always done before, perhaps on the advice of a team member after realising that they have problems managing their diabetes in relation to training.

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